Prague, capital city of the Czech Republic, is bisected by the Vltava River. Nicknamed “the City of a Hundred Spires,” it’s known for its Old Town Square, the heart of its historic core, with colorful baroque buildings, Gothic churches and the medieval Astronomical Clock, which gives an animated hourly show. Completed in 1402, pedestrian Charles Bridge is lined with statues of Catholic saints.
Rising above the city on a steep hill, 9th-century Prague Castle is now the seat of the Czech president. The castle’s St. Vitus Cathedral includes windows designed by art-nouveau artist Alphonse Mucha. The city’s former Jewish Quarter is home to the Old-New Synagogue, Europe’s oldest active Jewish house of worship, and the Old Jewish Cemetery, with thousands of vertically stacked graves. New Town’s main boulevard is lively Wenceslas Square, where art-nouveau buildings house shops and cafes. Letná Park, with views over Prague’s bridges and red rooftops, has a large beer garden.